How to Construct English Sentences
English has a simple grammar but it might sometimes seem confusing. There are specific rules and exceptions which should be followed. Here are some instructions to consider while constructing a sentence:
Appropriate word order
In English, the order of words in sentences is mostly: Subject, verb, (object).
Kevin broke the glass.
Kevin is the subject, broke is the verb and the glass is the object. A helpful way to practice this structure is to make as many as sentences you can, preferably the real one about people you know so that you can always remember the structure.
Parts of speech
In a sentence, parts of speech might have more than one word. There may be a group of words expressing the subject. What you should consider is to analyze the sentence as a whole.
Example: Teenagers who speak more than two languages are probably more sociable.
Since ‘Teenagers who speak more than two languages’ as the subject of this sentence has more than one word, it is called a subject phrase or the predicate.
There are two types of objects in English: direct and indirect objects
When the object has a direct connection with the subject, it is called a direct object and when this connection is indirect it is called an indirect object.
Example: I bought a pizza for my son.
In this example, ‘pizza’ is the direct object, and ‘my son’ is the indirect object.
These sentences are made of two parts (clauses). To connect these parts we can use conjunctions, for example:
Example: My mother baked a cake and my grandmother washed the clothes.
‘My mother’ and ‘my grandmother’ are the subjects; ‘a cake’ and ‘the clothes’ are the objects; ‘and’ are the conjunction.
Declarative sentences are common sentence structures in English that are easy to learn. There are also other types such as passive voice which have different structures and you can learn them after learning simple structures completely.